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Source: Audit of Anti-Semitic Incidents 1996, Copyright Anti-Defamation League (ADL) . All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission.

A secret society dedicated to the supremacy of white people in the United States. It began in the South during the time of Reconstruction and attempted to terrorize the many southern blacks and carpetbaggers who had replaced white southerners in positions of power. The Klan gained renewed strength in the 1920s and again in the 1960s but is now very diminished. It has stated that it aims to preserve “pure Americanism.” It has attacked Jews and Roman Catholics , along with immigrants and communists but is still primarily opposed to equal rights for black people and has often engaged in violence against them. Klansmen wear white hoods and robes. Klan leaders have titles such as Grand Dragon, Grand Cyclops , and Imperial Wizard.

The Ku Klux Klan publishes its Organization and Principles . Although early supporters of the Klan claimed that it was philosophically a Christian, patriotic organization rather than a white supremacist group , a cursory glance at the Klan's catechism reveals otherwise:

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